Saith noted pacifist and anti-war activist E. E. “Doc” Smith:
Why was all this necessary? This organization, this haste, this split-second timing, this city-wide exhibition of insane hippodrome riding? Why were not all these motorcycle-racers not stationed at their posts, so as to be ready for any emergency? Because America, being a democracy, could not strike first, but had to wait—wait in instant readiness—until she was actually attacked.
— Triplanetary, 1948, page 90 of the Old Earth Books edition